Eczema has a clinical name — atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema. This condition is commonly found in children but it can also develop in adults. It is characterized by inflamed red, itchy, dry skin. It can develop on any area of your skin, but is most common on the arms and behind the knees.
Causes of eczema
Like psoriasis, the causes of eczema are not fully understood. It is believed that people who suffer with eczema have a genetic predisposition toward it. Also, abnormal function of the immune system (similar to how it reacts to allergic substances) can cause eczema. Environmental factors such as cleaners and other chemicals are also believed to trigger eczema reactions.
Symptoms of eczema
Eczema skin is chronically dry, itchy, and thick. It forms in patches that appear on your hands, neck, face, and legs. There may be red or brownish-gray patches that itch more at night. The affected areas may have small bumps that leak fluid when scratched. In infantile eczema, the inner creases of the elbows and knees are the most common areas.
Eczema can be managed with over-the-counter anti-inflammatory lotions, but if these don’t get it under control, you need to schedule an appointment with the Matsuda team if these symptoms develop:
- If your rash becomes crusty or develops pus-filled blisters
- If you have a family history of eczema and develop a rash
How we treat it
Infantile eczema isn’t difficult for us to deal with. We identify the cause of the skin irritation and help develop ways for the parents to avoid future contact with it. Keeping the baby’s skin moisturized is also important.
For adult eczema, a good skin care regimen can be effective. But we may need stronger methods. We may need to prescribe stronger medicines: hydrocortisone, antibiotics, antihistamines, corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, and prescription-strength moisturizers. Ultraviolet light therapy can also be effective in some cases. Treating eczema is very much a trial and error kind of methodology.
If you think you may have eczema, you don’t need to put up with the itch! Call us at Matsuda, 808-949-7568, and let’s take a look.